FS Trenitalia Ha Paura Di Competere Con Deutsche Bahn (DB) In Germania?
Negli ultimi anni, l'operatore ferroviario italiano Trenitalia ha dimostrato che la concorrenza tra diversi operatori statali dell'alta velocità sugli stessi binari ha portato a una rapida crescita del numero di passeggeri. Questa è un'ottima notizia per il trasferimento modale verso la ferrovia.
Inoltre, nel prossimo futuro, Trenitalia prevede di gestire treni ad alta velocità anche per la Germania.
In questo caso, però, Trenitalia stipulerà un accordo con l'operatore storico tedesco di proprietà statale Deutsche Bahn ("DB"). Perché? Trenitalia ha troppa paura di competere in Germania?
Hat die italienische Staatsbahn Angst davor, der Deutschen Bahn (DB) Konkurrenz zu machen?
In den letzten Jahren hat Italiens Staatbahn „FS Trenitalia“ mehrfach bewiesen, dass der Wettbewerb zwischen verschiedenen Hochgeschwindigszügen im Staatsbesitz auf genau denselben Strecken zu einem schnellen Anstieg der Fahrgastzahlen geführt hat. Dies ist eine sehr gute Nachricht für die Verkehrsverlagerung auf die Schiene in der EU!
Nun plant Trenitalia in den nächsten Jahren damit zu beginnen, Hochgeschwindigkeitszüge auch nach Deutschland zu betreiben.
Doch überraschenderweise wird Trenitalia bei diesen neuen Zugdiensten mit der DB zu kollaborieren. Warum ist das so? Hat Trenitalia zu viel Angst vor dem Wettbewerb in Deutschland?
Is FS Trenitalia Afraid Of Competing With Deutsche Bahn (DB) In Germany?
In recent years, Italy's state-owned rail incumbent, FS Trenitalia, has proved that competition between different state-owned high-speed operators on the same tracks has led to fast growth in the number of rail passengers. This is great news for modal shift to rail.
Furthermore, in the near future, Trenitalia plans to operate high-speed trains to Germany as well.
But surprisingly Trenitalia's will enter into a collusion agreement with the German state-owned incumbent Deutsche Bahn (‘DB’) instead. Why is this? Is Trenitalia too afraid to compete in Germany?
Britain’s long distance rail fares could fall by over 40% by adopting Europe’s proven ‘Third Way’ model
In the ‘Open Access’ long-distance passenger rail model, rail operators are able to set fares, product and frequencies based upon meeting and growing passenger demand, rather than being confined to pre-set fares or timetables specified by Government or transport authorities.
In a growing number of countries, ‘Open Access’ long-distance operators fully compete against each other on the same route, which has led to higher frequencies, lower fares and savings for the taxpayer.
If Britain adopted the 'Open Access' model for long-distance passenger rail, fares could fall by over 40%.
Evidence shows that when state-owned incumbents compete with each other on cross-border routes, then there is much faster modal shift to rail
Once again, it has been proven that competition between passenger rail operators on the same tracks is the key driver for a fast modal shift. This also applies to competition between state incumbents.
Indeed, nine months since French incumbent SNCF and Italian incumbent FS Trenitalia started competing on the Paris - Lyon - Milan route, the total number of passengers has grown by 58%.
Therefore, competition - rather than collaboration - between state incumbents on cross-border routes is needed to draw passengers away from non-sustainable modes of transport.