Directly Awarded Subsidy

Spin Alert in Poland: State Incumbent PKP Intercity Boasts  About ‘Profits’ – but These Are Due to a Gigantic  Increase in Directly Awarded Taxpayer Subsidy

State-owned rail incumbents continue to present themselves as financial success stories - which is deliberately misleading. This narrative fails to mention the astronomical growth in directly awarded taxpayer subsidy, without which there would be no ‘profit’.

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